US President-elect Joe Biden has said he will ask Americans to wear masks for his first 100 days in office to curtail the spread of coronavirus.
He told CNN he believed there would be a “significant reduction” in Covid-19 cases if every American wore a face covering.
Mr. Biden also said he would order masks to be worn in all government buildings.
The US has recorded 14.1 million cases and 276,000 deaths from Covid-19 – the highest of any country in the world.
Mr. Biden is preparing to take office as pharmaceutical giants are poised to ship millions of doses of coronavirus vaccines to the American public.
The UK, on Wednesday, became the first country in the world to approve the Pfizer vaccine.
What did Biden say about masks?
In his first joint interview with Vice President-elect Kamala Harris since the election, Mr. Biden said: “The first day I’m inaugurated to say I’m going to ask the public for 100 days to mask. Just 100 days to mask, not forever. One hundred days.
“And I think we’ll see a significant reduction if we occur that, if that occurs with vaccinations and masking to drive down the numbers considerably.”
The first 100 days of a new presidency is symbolically important in the US and is seen as a gauge of how a president will get things done.
Constitutional experts say a US president has no legal authority to order Americans to wear masks. Still, Mr. Biden said he and his Vice-President Kamala Harris would set an example by donning face coverings during the interview.
The president’s executive authority does cover US government property, and Mr. Biden told CNN he intended to exercise such power.
“I’m going to issue a standing order that in federal buildings, you have to be masked.”
He added: “Transportation, interstate transportation, you must be masked, airplanes and buses, et cetera.”
US airlines, airports, and most public transit systems already require all passengers and workers to wear face coverings.
The Trump White House has rejected American health experts’ calls to mandate masks in transportation as “overly restrictive”.
What did Biden say about the vaccine?
The Democratic president-elect said he would be “happy” to take a vaccine in public to allay any concerns about its safety.
Three former presidents – Barack Obama, George W Bush, and Bill Clinton – have said they are also prepared to be inoculated publicly to show that it is safe.
“People have lost faith in the ability of the vaccine to work,” Mr. Biden said, adding that “it matters what a president and the vice-president do.”
Mr. Biden’s Vice-President-elect Harris, who joined him at the CNN interview, received some criticism from Republicans in September after saying she would not trust Mr. Trump’s word on a potential vaccine and the assessment of public health experts would be “suppressed” under his administration.
The Pew Research Center says just 60% of Americans are currently prepared to take a coronavirus vaccine, up from 51% who said the same in September.
Pfizer, which says its vaccine is 95% effective in clinical trials, and Moderna, which says its jab is 94% effective, have both applied to the Food and Drug Administration to distribute their drugs in the US.
In the CNN interview, Mr. Biden said he would retain Dr. Anthony Fauci, the top US infectious disease expert, as chief medical adviser to the new administration’s Covid-19 team.
“When Dr. Fauci says we have a vaccine that is safe, that’s the moment in which I will stand before the public and say that,” Mr. Biden said.
Earlier on Thursday, Dr. Fauci apologized in an interview with the BBC for critical remarks he made about the UK’s vaccine approval process.
“I did not mean to imply any sloppiness even though it came out that way,” he said.
A day earlier, Dr. Fauci told US networks that UK regulators had “rushed” the vaccine approval.
The incoming president also mentioned Dr. Fauci’s stance that “you don’t have to close down the economy” if Americans follow other safety measures to stop the spread of the virus.
He spoke as California Democratic Governor Gavin Newsom issued a stay-at-home order for much of his state. On Wednesday, Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti issued an order restricting all public travel on foot or vehicle, adding: “It’s time to cancel everything.”